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Ecotourism Menace in Pakistan

Mirpur AJK


Ecotourism Menace in Pakistan

Hazards - Problems - Solutions

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Tourism is a growing industry around the world. It turns out to be a significant source of income. Nowadays, ecotourism is a thriving and thriving business. However, uncontrollable tourist activities cause a slew of problems that are dangerous, harmful, and hazardous to biodiversity and the environment. Cosmopolitan development is harmful because of excessive concrete construction. Moreover, littering, bonfires, fireworks, and garbage haps add fuel to the fire.

Adopting a long-term strategy to reduce the risk of phenomenal hazards is the need of the hour. An effective policy must be implemented from the ground up. Ecotourism should be a complimentary subject in schools, colleges and universities.

Raising Awareness

A risk-reduction strategy for environmental protection is essential for everyone. Influencers can play a critical role to reduce littering and pollution. They must include articles on ecotourism in their work.

Terminology Definition

Eco is short for Ecology or Ecosystem. In Pakistan, ecotourism is a relatively new term. Only a few people are familiar with this jargon. Ecology is, in fact, a scientific investigation. It is the study of the mutual interaction of living organisms and their surroundings. Biology, geography and earth science are all part of this interdisciplinary field.

Ecotourism is a relatively modified branch of ecosystem research. It primarily deals with tourism-related fields. It has many characteristics. For example, to educate travellers, to conserve the environment, to promote economic development, and to politically empower local communities. Above all, respect for existing cultural heritage and protection of human rights. Ecotourism is a critical weapon that environmentalists can use to save mother nature.

Importance of Ecotourism

The basic idea behind this terminology of ecotourism is to preserve natural resources for future generations. Furthermore, to keep tourist attractions safe while requiring less human intervention.

Fortunately, some universities have begun degree programmes in eco-tourism.

Halmat Village Neelum Valley
Halmat Village, Neelum Valley/Credits: Jaam Saqi

Ecotourism emphasises responsible travel, interpersonal development and environmental sustainability of flora and fauna. This field provides a thorough understanding of exploration.

The negative effects of tourism on the environment must address in ecotourism programmes.

  • To reduce the negative effects on integrity of local people.
  • Proper research strategy for evaluating environmental and cultural aspects.
  • Promoting methods of recycling and modification.
  • Efficient use of energy and water.
  • Natural resource conservation.
  • Methodology implemented through environmental, economic and social security advocacy.
  • Economic activities that benefit local communities.
  • It is our divine responsibility to make eco-tourism a powerful tool for biodiversity conservation.
  • Print, electronic, and social media can all play an important role in protecting natural resources.

Attributes of Ecotourism

Excessive tourist activity results are as follows.

  • Pollution of the atmosphere.
  • The emission of greenhouse gases.
  • The phenomenon of heat trapping.
  • Climate change.
  • Hazards associated with climate change.
  • Difficulty in achieving long-term well-being of natural resources and the community.
Kareemabad Village AJK
Kareemabad Village, Neelum Valley/Credits: Jaam Saqi

Aspects of Environmental Awareness

Ecotourism is a delicate and sophisticated subject, but it is also vital and important. Tourist destinations in Pakistan are negatively impacted by locals and visitors throwing heaps of garbage and trash. Mountains, rivers, forests, and meadows are being polluted by tourist waste, which is blowing everywhere. For the customisation of eco-friendly tourism in Pakistan, some sanctuary measures are listed below.

  • Environmental protection.
  • Locals are being empowered.
  • All cultures should be respected.
  • Defending human rights.
  • Biodiversity conservation and sustainability.
  • Cultural diversity must be conserved and preserved.
  • Providing opportunities for locals to earn a living.
  • Sharing socioeconomic advantages.
  • Creating management and eco-tourism businesses.
  • Tourism that does not deplete or destroy natural resources.
  • Manage high-end items.
  • Flora and fauna conservation.
  • Tools for preserving the tranquillity of the mountains.
  • Making effective garbage disposal arrangements.
  • Encourage the use of recycling methods.
  • Raising awareness among tourists about ecotourism.
  • Use of environment friendly products.
  • Energy and fuel usage that is efficient.
  • Safety precautions for forest protection.
  • Preventing propelled waste and properly disposing of it.

Previous article by Fehmeeda Farid Khan

Hydroelectric Potential in Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan

About Fehmeeda Farid Khan

A freelancer, blogger, content writer, translator, tour consultant, proofreader, environmentalist, social mobilizer, poetess and novelist. As a physically challenged person, she extends advocacy on disability related issues. She's masters in Economics and Linguistics along with B.Ed.


  1. Nice article. Thanks for sharing. BTW, have you read this article yet? “4 things Pakistan needs to do to attract tourists to its historical, natural and man-made sights” https://southasiafasttrack.com/2018/05/29/4-things-pakistan-needs-to-do-to-attract-tourists-to-its-historical-natural-and-man-made-sights/ Pls see the link above

  2. Today, I went too the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 yer old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She placed the shell to
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  3. Very nice article. I am pleased to see now people in Pakistan are also talking about Ecotourism. I invite you to be part of STFP’s network which is promoting the cause of sustainable tourism in Pakistan. Visit its website http://www.stfp.org

  4. Hi Fehmeeda! Great to know about your endeavours, kindly get in touch with me ASAP.

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