Since tourism becomes an emerging industry in the world therefore it turns out a big source of income. Hence it seems like the Eco-tourism grows parallel to it. It becomes a booming and flourishing business even in Pakistan which is a good omen for accelerating the economic growth. However the uncontrollable growth causes many problems. Resultantly the collateral damages occur to the biodiversity and environment.
Economic development, excessive concrete constructions, littering, bonfires, firework and haps of garbage showed adverse effects on the environment a well as on biodiversity. To cope with the alarming level of risks of such hazards, a long-term strategy for the conservation on Eco-tourism is need of the hour. The policy must be introduced at the grass-root level and it should be included as a compulsory subject in the syllabus at the school/college/university level.
Imparting awareness among the tourists as well as the common masses, proves an very helpful, beneficial and an effective tool in risk-reduction plan for protecting environment. Tour operating companies can play a positive and pivotal role in impeding littering and pollution issues. In this regard, they must include some relevant articles to their charters and make them compulsory, for the implementation of Eco-friendly tourism.
Definition of Terminology:
Eco which refers to Ecology or Ecosystem, is relatively a new term in Pakistan and very few people know about its definition. Ecology is in fact, a scientific analysis and the study of mutual interactions between the living organisms and the surrounding environment. It is an interdisciplinary field which includes biology, geography and the earth science.
By the passage of time, the scientific research opens new and vast horizons for the explorers. A lot of new branches come into existence, including the newer terminology “Eco-tourism”.
The comparatively modified branch of the Eco-system relates mainly to tourism and relevant fields. It consists of many aspects and attributes like; to educate the travellers, the ecological conservation, the economic development and the political empowerment of the local communities, above all the respect for all the existing cultures as well as protecting the human rights. Eco-tourism is a critical weapon which the environmentalists use in trying to preserve the mother-nature.
The basic concept behind the terminology is to preserve the natural resources intact for the future generations so that they might also experience the same beauty and charm. Furthermore keep the tourist places safe from human intervention as much as they can. In this regards a number of universities already started the degree programs on eco-tourism.
Eco-tourism mainly deals with the attributes of the biodiversity within the environment. It focuses on responsible travelling, inter-personal growth, environmental sustainability of flora & fauna and preservation of the cultural heritage of the tourist spots. Eco-tourism provides a deep insight into the tourism, regarding the impact of dealing with native human beings, environment and the inhabitants as well. The Eco-tourism programs must include the negativity of tourism aspects towards the environment and how to minimize risks, adverse effects and increases the integrity of local people.
There are many more point to ponder which must include in the study-plan like evaluation of environmental and cultural factors, promoting recycling methods and their modification, efficient use of energy and water, conservation of natural resources and economic activities for local communities. It is our divine responsibility to make Eco-tourism an effective tool for environmental preservation and biodiversity. It should be implemented through the advocates of environmental, economic and social security. In this regard Print, Electronic and Social Media can play a vital role for imparting knowledge for protecting the mother-nature.
Tourism related activities can cause the air pollution, emitting the greenhouse gases, heat-trapping phenomenon, global warming and furthermore the climatic-changes while the Eco-tourism is responsibly managing the tourists activities which maybe keeping the environment conserved. In addition to it is striving for the sustainable well-being of the tourist places.
The subject is so sensitive and sophisticated yet quite essential and important for the tourism industry, especially relevant to Pakistan. The tourist places in Pakistan are badly affected by throwing the heaps of garbage and trash by the locals and tourists alike. The mountains, rivers, forests and meadows are getting polluted with the leftovers, propelling everywhere. The environment of these areas ought to be protected by taking the certain steps. There are some sanctuary measures mentioned below, for the customization of Eco-friendly tourism in Pakistan.
Environmental Awareness Aspects:
- The Conservation of Environment.
- Empowering the Locals.
- Respect for all the Cultures.
- Protecting Human Rights.
- Conservation and Sustainability of Biodiversity.
- Conservation and Preservation of Cultural Diversity.
- Creating Livelihood Opportunities for the Locals.
- Sharing Socio-Economic Benefits.
- Establishing Management & Ecotourism Enterprises.
- Tourism without Damaging/Destroying Natural Resources.
- Manage Wastage of Luxury Items.
- Preservation of Flora and Fauna.
- Tools for Protecting the Serenity of the Mountains.
- Making Arrangements for Garbage Dumping Effectively.
- Promote Recycling Methods.
- Imparting Awareness among the Tourists.
- Usage of Environment Friendly Products.
- Efficient Use of Energy and Fuel.
- Safety Measures for Protecting the Forests.
- Preventing from Propelling Wastage and Dispose of properly.
Author: Fehmeeda Farid Khan